O Barannyk, R Fraser, P Oshkai - Journal of Biological Physics, 2017
In this paper, a long-term in vitro dynamic calcification of three porcine aortic heart valves was investigated using a combined approach that involved accelerated wear testing of the valves in the rapid calcification solution, hydrodynamic assessment of the progressive change of effective orifice area (EOA) along with the transaortic pressure gradient, and quantitative visualization of the flow. ...ViVitro Labs Inc. for providing access to their facility and equipment for this study. Compliance with ethical standards Conflict of interest Oleksandr Barannyk has been a postdoctoral fellow at ViVitro Labs Inc. under MITACS...
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M. Alizadeh, M. Cote, and A Branzan Albu P Sharma, FM Bianchi - Image Analysis 20th Scandinavian Conference, SCIA 2017,
...The valve orifice area over time, which informs on the opening and closing motion patterns, constitutes a key quality metric for PHV assessment... ...In this paper, we propose a novel orifice segmentation approach for automatic prosthetic heart valves quantitative performance analysis, based on the detection of the leaflet free edges to accurately extract the actual orifice area.Visit Source
FM Cardoso, SS Furuie - Proc. of SPIE Vol, 2017
Ultrasound elastography has become an important procedure that provides information about the tissue dynamics and may help on the detection of tissue abnormalities. We propose a novel algorithm to perform speckle tracking, which consists in an implementation of 2D Block Matching with two enhancements: sub-pixel linear interpolation and displacement propagation, which are able to increase resolution, reduce computation time and prevent kernel mismatching errors. ... studies on their numerical analogs. Fig. 1 Section of the f20dX LV phantom. Dimensions in [mm]. METHODS Fig. 2 Experimental setup. 1 – GE Vivid 6 scanner; 2 – water tank; 3 – LV model; 4 – M4S-RS probe; 5 – windkessel; 6 – Vivitro Superpump; 7 – Pump Controller; 8 – PC. ...Visit Source
Lim, Brian. Muhammad Mujahid. Tan, Rong Wang. Arunkumar, U. Singapore Polytechnic School of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common cardiac disorder in which a portion of the coronary artery is blocked, leading to a potential heart attack. Timely and accurate evaluation of suspected CHD patients is critical. Computer Tomography Angiography (CTA)... In order to streamline the evaluation of suspected CHD patients, we propose to create a more accurate and consistent diagnostic method of interpreting CTA results.Visit Source
Ng, Daniel Wai Hung. Neo, Si Yang. Ng, Chung Liu. Wong, Benedict Jun Shuan. Singapore Polytechnic School of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering
...Mechanical valves usually made from metal and fabrics are very durable but they have poor hemodynamic and are thrombogenic requiring permanent anticoagulation. Tissue heart valves constructed from biological tissues have excellent hemodynamic blood flow, but they lack durability. The project proposed a new valve design that is similar to a stentless tissue valve but made from a synthetic material, Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)... The scope of this project includes designing a fixture to accommodate the valves in the ViVitro System and studying hemodynamic parameters such as pressure drop, flow rate, and dynamic leaflet behaviour of the valves. ...Visit Source
Andrew K. Capullia, Maximillian Y. Emmerta, b, c, Francesco S. Pasqualinia, b, Debora Kehlb, Etem Caliskanb, c, Johan U. Linda, Sean P. Sheehya, Sung Jin Parka, Seungkuk Ahna, Benedikt Webera, b, Josue A. Gossa, Simon P. Hoerstrupa, b, Kevin Kit Parkera; Biomaterials Volume 133, July 2017, Pages 229–241
Tissue engineered scaffolds have emerged as a promising solution for heart valve replacement because of their potential for regeneration. However, traditional heart valve tissue engineering has relied on resource-intensive, cell-based manufacturing, which increases cost and hinders clinical translation. ...We demonstrated controlled modulation of these scaffold parameters and show initial biocompatibility and functionality in vitro...Visit Source
Bozkurt, S., Preston-Maher, G.L., Torii, R. et al. Ann Biomed Eng (2017). doi:10.1007/s10439-017-1828-2 First Online: 03 April 2017
Mitral regurgitation is a common mitral valve dysfunction which may lead to heart failure. This paper presents the design, development and hydrodynamic assessment of a novel bi-leaflet mitral valve suitable for transcatheter implantation. ... animal models. Hydrodynamic Tests. The hydrodynamic performances of the three valve prototypes were assessed on a hydro-mechanical cardiovascular pulse duplicator system (ViVitro Superpump SP3891, ViVitro, BC) (Fig. 3 ...
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Wentao Feng, Xianda Yang, Yang Liu, Yubo Fan Artificial Organs, 24 February 2017
Clinically, the percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) has been reported to be deformed in a noncircular configuration after its implant. The deformation is universal and various, and it leads to serious leakage and durability problems. ...the present study investigated the effects of the aortic annulus deformation and the leaflet tissue thickness on the hydrodynamics of the TAV. ... Hydrodynamic testing. The TAVs were tested in a quasi-physiological artery pulsatile flow duplicator system, which was custom remoulded to adapt the testing of deformed TAV from commercially available pulse duplicator (Pulse Duplicator; Vivitro Labs, Victoria, BC, Canada.). ...Visit Source
Sharan Ramaswamy, Makensley Lordeus, Omkar V. Mankame, Lilliam Valdes-Cruz, Steven Bibevski, Sarah M. Bell, Ivan Baez, Frank Scholl: Cardiovasc Eng Tech (2016).
...Assess the functional effectiveness of tri-leaflet PSIS bioscaffolds in the aortic position compared to standard tri-leaflet porcine bioprosthetic valves... ... (b) Pulse duplicator system (Vivitro Laboratories) used for the hydrodynamic evaluation of the valves. ... System calibration, pump control, data collection and analysis are all computer-controlled via software (Vivitest, Vivitro Labs). ...
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S. Hamed Alavi, Marc Soriano Baliarda, Noemi Bonessio, Lorenzo Valdevit, Arash Kheradvar: Annals of Biomedical Engineering First Online: 22 December 2016
...The main problem with the tissue engineered heart valves is their progressive deterioration that leads to regurgitation and/or leaflet thickening a few months after implantation... ...The current work aims to study the effects of the design features on mechanical characteristics of this valve scaffold to attain proper function prior to in vivo implantation. ... The heart flow simulator system was adjusted for left ventricular pressure waveform with diastolic/systolic pressures of 80/120 mmHg produced by a hydraulic pump system (Superpump system, VSI, SPS3891, Vivitro systems Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada).10 The scaffolds were ...
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