Articles Related to Applications

A. Desai, T. Vafaee, P. Rooney, J.N. Kearney, H.E. Berry, E. Ingham, J. Fisher, L.M. Jennings Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 14 September 2017

The use of decellularised biological heart valves in the replacement of damaged heart valves ... ...The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of low concentration sodium dodecyl sulphate decellularisation on the in vitro biomechanical and hydrodynamic properties of cryopreserved human aortic and pulmonary roots.... ... performance of the valve roots. A viscoelastic impedance adapter (VIA; Vivitro System Inc., Victoria BC, Canada) was used to deliver a more physiological ventricle pressure and flow waveform in the simulator. This system allowed for ...

Other Products Cited:  Pulsatile Flow Simulation  Pulse Duplicator

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Retta SM, Kepner J, Marquez S, Herman BA, S Shu MC, Grossman LW J Heart Valve Dis. 2017 Jan;26(1):72-80.

One of the first steps in qualifying a new prosthetic valve for eventual clinical use is preclinical flow performance testing in vitro... ...This collaborative effort between heart valve manufacturers and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was designed to evaluate the variability of the pulse duplicator test technology for pulsatile flow performance measurement in an interlaboratory round robin... ...A commercially available duplicator, the Vivitro system (Vivitro, Inc., Vancouver, Canada), was used at two centers. The design specifications are summarized in Table I....

Other Products Cited:  Heart Valve Testing  Pulse Duplicator

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Yen Ngoc NguyenMunirah IsmailFoad KabinejadianChi Wei OngEdgar Lik Wui TayHwa Liang Leo - Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology 2017

The increased understanding of right heart diseases has led to more aggressive interventions to manage functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR)... ...In this study, a novel in vitro mock circulatory system that incorporated a realistic tricuspid valve apparatus in a patient-specific silicon right ventricle (RV) was designed and fabricated... ... A closed ventricular chamber housing the silicon RV model was connected to a closed atrial chamber at one end, and was directly connected to the pulsatile wave-generating piston pump (SuperPump AR series, ViVitro Labs Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada) at the other end to simu ...

Other Products Cited:  Heart Valve Testing  Pulse Duplicator

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Guangyu Zhu; Masakazu Nakao; Qi Yuan and Joon Hock Yeo Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, 186-189, 2017, Porto, Portugal

Truly stentless polymeric valve prosthesis can be a viable alternative for aortic valve replacement (AVR). In the present paper, the dynamic and hemodynamic performance of a novel designed expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) stentless tri-leaflet valve was assessed experimentally.... ... The in-vitro tests were performed under time-varying physiological pressure by using the Vivitro pulse duplicator. ... The Vivitro pulse duplicator (Vivitro Systems Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada) was used to generate the physiological pressure and flow in the left ventricle and aorta. ...

Other Products Cited:  Pulsatile Flow Simulation  Pulse Duplicator

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M. Alizadeh, M. Cote, and A Branzan Albu P Sharma, FM Bianchi - Image Analysis 20th Scandinavian Conference, SCIA 2017,

...The valve orifi ce area over time, which informs on the opening and closing motion patterns, constitutes a key quality metric for PHV assessment... ...In this paper, we propose a novel orifi ce segmentation approach for automatic prosthetic heart valves quantitative performance analysis, based on the detection of the leaflet free edges to accurately extract the actual orifi ce area.

Other Products Cited:  Flow Visualization  Pulse Duplicator

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FM Cardoso, SS Furuie - Proc. of SPIE Vol, 2017

Ultrasound elastography has become an important procedure that provides information about the tissue dynamics and may help on the detection of tissue abnormalities. We propose a novel algorithm to perform speckle tracking, which consists in an implementation of 2D Block Matching with two enhancements: sub-pixel linear interpolation and displacement propagation, which are able to increase resolution, reduce computation time and prevent kernel mismatching errors. ... studies on their numerical analogs. Fig. 1 Section of the f20dX LV phantom. Dimensions in [mm]. METHODS Fig. 2 Experimental setup. 1 – GE Vivid 6 scanner; 2 – water tank; 3 – LV model; 4 – M4S-RS probe; 5 – windkessel; 6 – Vivitro Superpump; 7 – Pump Controller; 8 – PC. ...

Other Products Cited:  SuperPump  Ultrasound Measurements

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Lim, Brian. Muhammad Mujahid. Tan, Rong Wang. Arunkumar, U. Singapore Polytechnic School of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common cardiac disorder in which a portion of the coronary artery is blocked, leading to a potential heart attack. Timely and accurate evaluation of suspected CHD patients is critical. Computer Tomography Angiography (CTA)... In order to streamline the evaluation of suspected CHD patients, we propose to create a more accurate and consistent diagnostic method of interpreting CTA results.

Other Products Cited:  Pulsatile Flow Simulation  SuperPump

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Ng, Daniel Wai Hung. Neo, Si Yang. Ng, Chung Liu. Wong, Benedict Jun Shuan. Singapore Polytechnic School of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering

...Mechanical valves usually made from metal and fabrics are very durable but they have poor hemodynamic and are thrombogenic requiring permanent anticoagulation. Tissue heart valves constructed from biological tissues have excellent hemodynamic blood flow, but they lack durability. The project proposed a new valve design that is similar to a stentless tissue valve but made from a synthetic material, Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)... The scope of this project includes designing a fixture to accommodate the valves in the ViVitro System and studying hemodynamic parameters such as pressure drop, flow rate, and dynamic leaflet behaviour of the valves. ...

Other Products Cited:  Heart Valve Testing  Pulse Duplicator

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Andrew K. Capullia, Maximillian Y. Emmerta, b, c, Francesco S. Pasqualinia, b, Debora Kehlb, Etem Caliskanb, c, Johan U. Linda, Sean P. Sheehya, Sung Jin Parka, Seungkuk Ahna, Benedikt Webera, b, Josue A. Gossa, Simon P. Hoerstrupa, b, Kevin Kit Parkera; Biomaterials Volume 133, July 2017, Pages 229–241

Tissue engineered scaffolds have emerged as a promising solution for heart valve replacement because of their potential for regeneration. However, traditional heart valve tissue engineering has relied on resource-intensive, cell-based manufacturing, which increases cost and hinders clinical translation. ...We demonstrated controlled modulation of these scaffold parameters and show initial biocompatibility and functionality in vitro...

Other Products Cited:  Pulse Duplicator  Tissue Engineering

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Wentao Feng, Xianda Yang, Yang Liu, Yubo Fan Artificial Organs, 24 February 2017

Clinically, the percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) has been reported to be deformed in a noncircular configuration after its implant. The deformation is universal and various, and it leads to serious leakage and durability problems. ...the present study investigated the effects of the aortic annulus deformation and the leaflet tissue thickness on the hydrodynamics of the TAV. ... Hydrodynamic testing. The TAVs were tested in a quasi-physiological artery pulsatile flow duplicator system, which was custom remoulded to adapt the testing of deformed TAV from commercially available pulse duplicator (Pulse Duplicator; Vivitro Labs, Victoria, BC, Canada.). ...

Other Products Cited:  Heart Valve Testing  Pulse Duplicator

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