Articles Related to Heart Valve Testing

Munirah Ismail, Foad Kabinejadian, Yen Ngoc Nguyen, Edgar Tay Lik Wui, Sangho Kim, Hwa Liang Leo - - Medical Engineering and Physics October 25, 2017

...The study utilises both 2-D and 3-D particle image velocimetry (PIV) to interrogate the flow patterns in the vicinity of the extra-cardiac tricuspid valves in an in vitro physiological flow loop, specifically at four measurement locations in the cavo-atrial anatomy. ... ... of the hepatic vein. In contrast, the SVC valve was fully implanted in the SVC. The mock circulatory system was driven by a pulse generator (SuperPump AR series, ViVitro Labs Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada). It comprised of an ultrasonic ...

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Chung-Dann Kan, MD, PhD, Jieh-Neng Wang, PhD, Wei-Ling Chen, PhD, Pong-Jeu Lu, PhD, Ming-Yao Chan, PhD, Chia-Hung Lin, PhD, Wan Chin Hsieh, MD The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, September 2017

...The current study investigated: (i) the function of the ePTFE trileaflet-valved conduits in an ex vivo experimental system and (ii) the short-term performance of the conduit in a porcine model to verify their clinical applicability.... ... valves. 168 Right ventricular function was simulated by using a digitally controlled hydraulic piston 169 SuperPump (ViViTro Labs, Victor, British Columbia, Canada), which generated a pulsating 170 flow to drive the chamber and send it into a compliant pulmonary artery. ...

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Retta SM, Kepner J, Marquez S, Herman BA, S Shu MC, Grossman LW J Heart Valve Dis. 2017 Jan;26(1):72-80.

One of the first steps in qualifying a new prosthetic valve for eventual clinical use is preclinical flow performance testing in vitro... ...This collaborative effort between heart valve manufacturers and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was designed to evaluate the variability of the pulse duplicator test technology for pulsatile flow performance measurement in an interlaboratory round robin... ...A commercially available duplicator, the Vivitro system (Vivitro, Inc., Vancouver, Canada), was used at two centers. The design specifications are summarized in Table I....

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Yen Ngoc NguyenMunirah IsmailFoad KabinejadianChi Wei OngEdgar Lik Wui TayHwa Liang Leo - Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology 2017

The increased understanding of right heart diseases has led to more aggressive interventions to manage functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR)... ...In this study, a novel in vitro mock circulatory system that incorporated a realistic tricuspid valve apparatus in a patient-specific silicon right ventricle (RV) was designed and fabricated... ... A closed ventricular chamber housing the silicon RV model was connected to a closed atrial chamber at one end, and was directly connected to the pulsatile wave-generating piston pump (SuperPump AR series, ViVitro Labs Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada) at the other end to simu ...

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Ng, Daniel Wai Hung. Neo, Si Yang. Ng, Chung Liu. Wong, Benedict Jun Shuan. Singapore Polytechnic School of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering

...Mechanical valves usually made from metal and fabrics are very durable but they have poor hemodynamic and are thrombogenic requiring permanent anticoagulation. Tissue heart valves constructed from biological tissues have excellent hemodynamic blood flow, but they lack durability. The project proposed a new valve design that is similar to a stentless tissue valve but made from a synthetic material, Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)... The scope of this project includes designing a fixture to accommodate the valves in the ViVitro System and studying hemodynamic parameters such as pressure drop, flow rate, and dynamic leaflet behaviour of the valves. ...

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Wentao Feng, Xianda Yang, Yang Liu, Yubo Fan Artificial Organs, 24 February 2017

Clinically, the percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) has been reported to be deformed in a noncircular configuration after its implant. The deformation is universal and various, and it leads to serious leakage and durability problems. ...the present study investigated the effects of the aortic annulus deformation and the leaflet tissue thickness on the hydrodynamics of the TAV. ... Hydrodynamic testing. The TAVs were tested in a quasi-physiological artery pulsatile flow duplicator system, which was custom remoulded to adapt the testing of deformed TAV from commercially available pulse duplicator (Pulse Duplicator; Vivitro Labs, Victoria, BC, Canada.). ...

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Bernhard M. Vennemann , Thomas Rösgen, Thierry P. Carrel, Dominik Obrist - Article Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology pp 1-13 First online: 13 May 2016

The Lapeyre-Triflo FURTIVA valve aims at combining the favorable hemodynamics of bioprosthetic heart valves with the durability of mechanical heart valves (MHVs). ... physiological con- ditions. It is driven by a peristaltic pump (Superpump, Vivitro Systems, Victoria, BC, Canada) (1) which generates a directed pulsatile flow through the test section (3). The net flow through the transparent test section is ...

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Guo-Dong Sean Tan and Hwa Liang Leo - J. Med. Devices 10(2), 020910 (May 12, 2016) (3 pages)

... physiological conditions. It is driven by a peristaltic pump (Superpump, Vivitro Systems, Victoria, BC, Canada) (1) which generates a directed pulsatile flow through the test section (3). The net flow through the transparent test section is ...

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Simon Heide-Jørgensen, Sellaswasmy Kumaran Krishna, Jonas Taborsky, Tommy Bechsgaard, Rachid Zegdi and Peter Johansen J Biomech Eng 138(3), 034504 (Jan 29, 2016) (7 pages)

The aim of this study was to develop a platform for noncontact TAVI valve deformation analysis with both high temporal and spatial resolutions based on stereophotogrammetry and digital image correlation (DIC). A left-heart pulsatile in vitro flow loop system for mounting of TAVI valves was designed. ... Based on a piston pump (ViVitro SuperDup'r pump, ViVitro systems, Victoria, BC, Canada) a left-heart in vitro flow loop with peripheral units comprising a ventricular chamber, an atrial reservoir, an aortic root in which test valves can be installed, an arterial compliance section ...

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Morgane Evin, Carine Guivier-Curien, Philippe Pibarot, Lyes Kadem and Régis Rieu

... Jude Medical size 23 mm, a resistance and a compliance). The BMHV to be tested is placed directly between the left atrium and the left ventricle molds. The activation of the left ventricle is performed by a Vivitro superpump (VivitroLabs, Victoria, BC, Canada). ...

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Nandini Duraiswamy , Jason D. Weaver, Yasamin Ekrami, Stephen M. Retta, Changfu Wu Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology pp 1-13 First online: 10 February 2016

... The hydrodynamic testing was per- formed using 0.9% saline solution in the commercially available Left Heart Simulator (Vivitro Systems), which simulates function of the heart by generating pulsatile flow through prosthetic heart valves. ...In the EllipMinor and EllipMajor configurations, the maximum principal stress occurred near the center of the free edge of the “stretched” leaflets. These results further affirm recommendations by the International Standards Organization (ISO) that pre-clinical testing should consider non-circular configurations for transcatheter valve durability testing.

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Joseph Calderan, Wenbin Mao, Eric Sirois and Wei Sun-- Artificial Organs article first published online: 29 OCT 2015 DOI: 10.1111/aor.12589

Impairment of coronary artery flow, in either acute or chronic conditions, is a severe complication of transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation, which can arise due to improper TAV positioning. ... LHS. An LHS was designed with the intention of providing physiological flow and pressure waveforms in the left atrium, left ventricle (LV), and ascending aorta, similar to commercially available devices such as the ViVitro LHS (ViVitro Labs, Victoria, Canada) but with additional ...

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Burriesci G, Marincola FC, Zervides C. J Med Eng Technol. 2010 Jan;34(1):7-22. doi: 10.3109/03091900903261241

Polymeric heart valves could offer an optimum alternative to current prostheses, by joining the advantages of mechanical and bioprosthetic valves. Though a number of materials suitable for this application have recently become available, significant improvements in the valve design are still needed. In this paper, a novel polymeric heart valve design is proposed and its optimization procedure, based on the use of finite elements, is described...

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Filippo Piatti1 , Francesco Sturla 1,2 , Thomas E. Claiborne3 , Danny Bluestein3 , Alberto Redaelli 1

Experimental procedures are commonly used to obtain an overall quantification of the fluid dynamic and thrombogenic performances of cardiovascular devices [1]... (B) ViVitro gold standard testing benchmark (ViVitro Labs, BC, Canada) Boundary conditions ... obtaining comparable working conditions between the computational model and the ViVitro benchmark. Figure 2 – Schematic visualization of the ideal ...

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Hadi Daood Toeg, Ovais Abessi , Talal Al-Atassi, Laurent de Kerchove, Gebrine El-Khoury, Michel Labrosse, Munir Boodhwani, - Cardiovasc Surg, 2014

ABSTRACT Aortic valve (AV) repair (AVr) has become an attractive alternative to AV replacement for the correction of aortic insufficiency; however, little clinical evidence exists in determining which biomaterial at AVr would be optimal. Cusp replacement in AVr has... All aortic roots were connected to the ViVitro Left Heart Simulator (LHS; ViVitro Systems, Inc, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada) for baseline valve measurements acting as paired controls...

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Azadani AN1, Jaussaud N, Matthews PB, Ge L, Chuter TA, Tseng EE., Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2010 Jul;11(1):70-7. doi: 10.1510/icvts.2009.225144. Epub 2010 Apr 15.

Transcatheter aortic valves (TAVs) are a promising treatment for high risk surgical patients suffering from degeneration of previously implanted bioprostheses (valve-in-valve therapy).

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Francis Robicsek, MD, PhD, Mano J Thubrikar, PhD, American Journal of Cardiology Volume 84, Issue 8, Pages 944–946, October 15, 1999

Functional morphology of the normal aortic root was studied in vitro using 500 frames/s cinematography. Stiffening of the aortic wall by spraying its exterior with plastic adhesive led to compromised function of the leaflets...

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Francis Robicsek MD, PhD, Mano J. Thubrikar PhDb, Joseph W. Cook MDa and Brett Fowler RTb; The Annals of Thoracic Surgery: 77, Issue 1; 177-185.

The study was intended to investigate the reason why congenitally bicuspid valves (CBAVs), which may function hemodynamically and clinically well, have a high early failure rate.

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W.Lim; Journal of Biomechanics: 34, Issue 11; 1417-1427.

A two-dimensional particle image tracking velocimetry (PIV) system has been used to map the velocity vector fields and Reynolds stresses in the immediate downstream vicinity of a porcine bioprosthetic heart valve at the aortic root region in vitro under pulsatile flow conditions. Measurements were performed at five different time steps...

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M. Nobili, U. Morbiducci, R. Ponzini, C. Del Gaudio, A. Balducci, M. Grigioni, F. Maria Montevecchi, A. Redaelli; Journal of Biomechanics: 41, Issue 11; 2539-2550.

The main purpose of this study is to reproduce in silico the dynamics of a bileaflet mechanical heart valve (MHV; St Jude Hemodynamic Plus, 27mm characteristic size) by means of a fully implicit fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method, and experimentally validate the results using an ultrafast cinematographic technique.

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