Articles Related to Pulse Duplicator

Brandon J. Tefft, Joshua A. Choe, Melissa D. Young, Ryan S. Hennessy, David W. Morse, Jeffery A. Bouchard, Herbert J. Hedberg, Joseph F. Consiglio, Dan Dragomir-Daescu, Robert D. Simari, Amir Lerman

Tissue engineered heart valves (TEHV) are being investigated to address the limitations of currently available valve prostheses... ...A bioreactor system was designed based on the Windkessel approach. Novel features including a purpose-built valve chamber and pressure feedback control were incorporated to maintain asepsis while achieving a range of hydrodynamic conditions.... … The bioreactor was used to assess the hydrodynamic performance of a bioprosthesis and the results were compared to those obtained with a ViVitro Pulse Duplicator system (ViVitro Labs, Victoria, BC, Canada)... ...The bioreactor system was able to produce a range of pressure and flow conditions from static to resting adult left ventricular outflow tract to pathological including hypertension...

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F Guo, K Jiao, Y Bai, J Guo, Q Chen, R Yang, X Zhang - Journal of Materials Science Available online 20 September 2018

Transcatheter aortic heart valves (TAHVs) have been widely used for aortic valve replacements, with less trauma and lower clinical risk compared with traditional surgical heart valve replacements. In the present study, composites of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogels and anisotropic high-shrinkage polyethylene terephthalate/polyamide6 (PET-PA6) fabric (PEGDA/PET-PA6) were fabricated as artificial heart valve leaflets... … 2.6. Pulse duplicator test. Hemodynamic performance of the TAHVs was assessed using a pulse duplicator system (ViVitro Labs, British Columbia, Canada) under physiological conditions according to ISO 5840-3 standards [21] …

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Oren M. RotmanBrandon KovarovicWei-Che ChiuMatteo BianchiGil MaromMarvin J. SlepianDanny Bluestei -Annals of Biomedical Engineering 07 September 2018

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a minimally-invasive approach for treating severe aortic stenosis. All clinically-used TAVR valves to date utilize chemically-fixed xenograft as the leaflet material... ... this study, we experimentally evaluated the hemodynamic performance of the valve and compared its performance to clinically-used valves: a gold standard surgical tissue valve, and a TAVR valve.... … Testing was performed in a Vivitro Pulse Duplicator (Vivitro Labs, Victoria, BC) at average Cardiac Out- puts (CO) of 4, 5, 6, and 7 L/min, Heart Rate (HR) of 70bpm, systole-diastole ratio of 0.35–0.65, aortic pressure of …

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Janarthanan Sathananthan, Stephanie Sellers, Aaron Barlow, Rob Fraser, Viktória Stanová, Anson Cheung, Jian Ye, Abdullah Alenezi, Dale J. Murdoch, Mark Hensey, Danny Dvir, Philipp Blanke, Régis Rieu, David Wood, Phillippe Pibarot, Jonathan Leipsic and John Webb - JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions Volume 11, Issue 17, September 2018

Objectives This study assessed the effect of overexpansion beyond labeled size (diameter) of transcatheter heart valves through an ex vivo bench study... Background Transcatheter heart valves function optimally when expanded to specific dimensions. However, clinicians may sometimes wish to overexpand balloon-expandable valves to address specific clinical challenges. The implications of overexpansion have assumed considerable importance, and objective information to guide practice is limited...

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Deepa SritharanParinaz FathiJason D. WeaverStephen M. RettaChangfu WuNandini Duraiswamy - Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology pp 1–14

After implantation of a transcatheter bioprosthetic heart valve its original circular circumference may become distorted, which can lead to changes in leaflet coaptation and leaflets that are stretched or sagging.... … Valve hydrodynamic performance data were collected using a commercially available left heart Pulse Duplicator (Vivitro Systems) at 0, 41, 80, and 123 M cycles; at these intervals, the valves mounted in the metallic adapter …

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K Davis, JH Muller, CJ Meyer, FE Smit - (SAIBMEC), 2018 3rd Biennial South African, 2018

...The air volume shifts the pressure and flow rate waveforms in time and impact the physical operating conditions of the valves with constant input settings in the ViVitest software... … Results obtained from current pulse duplicators are subject to the setup and physical testing settings. The ViVitro Pulse Duplicator from ViVitroLabs Inc … Three different valves were tested in a ViVitro pulse duplicator where...

Other Products Cited:  Ex ViVo Simulation  Heart Valve Testing

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J Sathananthan, JG Webb - Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 2018

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation can be successful in selected patients with annuli beyond the current recommended limits for available transcatheter heart valves.… Hopefully in future we will have both a broader understanding and a broader range of options. Conflict of interest. Dr. Webb is a consultant to Edwards Lifesciences and ViVitro Labs. Publication cover image. Volume 91, Issue 6. May 1, 2018. Pages 1157-1158

Other Products Cited:  Heart Valve Testing

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H Saaid, P Segers, M Novara, T Claessens, P Verdonck - Experiments in Fluids, 2018

...The effects of the orientation of a prosthetic mitral valve in anatomical and anti-anatomical configurations have been investigated during the diastolic filling time... … A commercially available cardiovascular simulator (Vivitro Systems, Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada) that can impose and monitor different physiological pressure and flow conditions was adopted. The hydraulic piston pump was connected to the inner tank …

Other Products Cited:  Flow Visualization  Heart Valve Testing

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Ram Ghosh, Gil Marom, Oren Rotman, Marvin J. Slepian, Saurabh Prabhakar, Marc Horner and Danny Bluestein -- Journal of Biomechanical Engineering doi:10.1115/1.4040600 History: Received November 06, 2017; Revised May 30, 2018

...All currently FDA-approved TAVR devices use tissue valves that were adapted to but not specifically designed for TAVR use. Emerging clinical evidence indicates that these valves may get damaged during crimping and deployment- leading to valvular calcification, thrombotic complications, and limited durability... ...Our research group has developed a novel polymeric prosthetic valve, which was optimized to reduce stresses on the leaflets, improve hemodynamics and has thrombogenic performance similar to that of a tissue valve... … The valves are then sutured to a nitinol stent for completion of the process. The valves' durability is now being assessed using a Vivitro Hi-Cycle System (Vivitro Labs, Inc … Hydrodynamic performance is being evaluated using the Vivitro left heart simulator (Vivitro Labs, Inc …

Other Products Cited:  HiCycle Durability Tester  Pulsatile Flow Simulation

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M Jeyhani, S Shahriari, M Labrosse - Artificial Organs, 2017 First published: 23 November 2017

This in vitro study aims to evaluate the hemodynamic modifications following a simulated PEtER. A custom-made mitral valve was developed, and two configurations were tested: (i) a single-orifice valve with mitral regurgitation and (ii) a double-orifice mitral valve configuration following PEtER. … MATERIALS AND METHODS In vitro model For the purpose of this study, a ViVitro pulse duplicator (ViVitro Labs, Victoria, BC, Canada) was used (Fig. 1). This system is capable of reproducing physiological flow and pressure waveforms in left heart cavity models …

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Chung-Dann Kan, MD, PhD, Jieh-Neng Wang, PhD, Wei-Ling Chen, PhD, Pong-Jeu Lu, PhD, Ming-Yao Chan, PhD, Chia-Hung Lin, PhD, Wan Chin Hsieh, MD The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, September 2017

...The current study investigated: (i) the function of the ePTFE trileaflet-valved conduits in an ex vivo experimental system and (ii) the short-term performance of the conduit in a porcine model to verify their clinical applicability.... ... valves. 168 Right ventricular function was simulated by using a digitally controlled hydraulic piston 169 SuperPump (ViViTro Labs, Victor, British Columbia, Canada), which generated a pulsating 170 flow to drive the chamber and send it into a compliant pulmonary artery. ...

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A. Desai, T. Vafaee, P. Rooney, J.N. Kearney, H.E. Berry, E. Ingham, J. Fisher, L.M. Jennings Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 14 September 2017

The use of decellularised biological heart valves in the replacement of damaged heart valves ... ...The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of low concentration sodium dodecyl sulphate decellularisation on the in vitro biomechanical and hydrodynamic properties of cryopreserved human aortic and pulmonary roots.... ... performance of the valve roots. A viscoelastic impedance adapter (VIA; Vivitro System Inc., Victoria BC, Canada) was used to deliver a more physiological ventricle pressure and flow waveform in the simulator. This system allowed for ...

Other Products Cited:  Pulsatile Flow Simulation

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Retta SM, Kepner J, Marquez S, Herman BA, S Shu MC, Grossman LW J Heart Valve Dis. 2017 Jan;26(1):72-80.

One of the first steps in qualifying a new prosthetic valve for eventual clinical use is preclinical flow performance testing in vitro... ...This collaborative effort between heart valve manufacturers and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was designed to evaluate the variability of the pulse duplicator test technology for pulsatile flow performance measurement in an interlaboratory round robin... ...A commercially available duplicator, the Vivitro system (Vivitro, Inc., Vancouver, Canada), was used at two centers. The design specifications are summarized in Table I....

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Yen Ngoc NguyenMunirah IsmailFoad KabinejadianChi Wei OngEdgar Lik Wui TayHwa Liang Leo - Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology 2017

The increased understanding of right heart diseases has led to more aggressive interventions to manage functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR)... ...In this study, a novel in vitro mock circulatory system that incorporated a realistic tricuspid valve apparatus in a patient-specific silicon right ventricle (RV) was designed and fabricated... ... A closed ventricular chamber housing the silicon RV model was connected to a closed atrial chamber at one end, and was directly connected to the pulsatile wave-generating piston pump (SuperPump AR series, ViVitro Labs Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada) at the other end to simu ...

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Guangyu Zhu; Masakazu Nakao; Qi Yuan and Joon Hock Yeo Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, 186-189, 2017, Porto, Portugal

Truly stentless polymeric valve prosthesis can be a viable alternative for aortic valve replacement (AVR). In the present paper, the dynamic and hemodynamic performance of a novel designed expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) stentless tri-leaflet valve was assessed experimentally.... ... The in-vitro tests were performed under time-varying physiological pressure by using the Vivitro pulse duplicator. ... The Vivitro pulse duplicator (Vivitro Systems Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada) was used to generate the physiological pressure and flow in the left ventricle and aorta. ...

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M. Alizadeh, M. Cote, and A Branzan Albu P Sharma, FM Bianchi - Image Analysis 20th Scandinavian Conference, SCIA 2017,

...The valve orifi ce area over time, which informs on the opening and closing motion patterns, constitutes a key quality metric for PHV assessment... ...In this paper, we propose a novel orifi ce segmentation approach for automatic prosthetic heart valves quantitative performance analysis, based on the detection of the leaflet free edges to accurately extract the actual orifi ce area.

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Ng, Daniel Wai Hung. Neo, Si Yang. Ng, Chung Liu. Wong, Benedict Jun Shuan. Singapore Polytechnic School of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering

...Mechanical valves usually made from metal and fabrics are very durable but they have poor hemodynamic and are thrombogenic requiring permanent anticoagulation. Tissue heart valves constructed from biological tissues have excellent hemodynamic blood flow, but they lack durability. The project proposed a new valve design that is similar to a stentless tissue valve but made from a synthetic material, Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)... The scope of this project includes designing a fixture to accommodate the valves in the ViVitro System and studying hemodynamic parameters such as pressure drop, flow rate, and dynamic leaflet behaviour of the valves. ...

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Andrew K. Capullia, Maximillian Y. Emmerta, b, c, Francesco S. Pasqualinia, b, Debora Kehlb, Etem Caliskanb, c, Johan U. Linda, Sean P. Sheehya, Sung Jin Parka, Seungkuk Ahna, Benedikt Webera, b, Josue A. Gossa, Simon P. Hoerstrupa, b, Kevin Kit Parkera; Biomaterials Volume 133, July 2017, Pages 229–241

Tissue engineered scaffolds have emerged as a promising solution for heart valve replacement because of their potential for regeneration. However, traditional heart valve tissue engineering has relied on resource-intensive, cell-based manufacturing, which increases cost and hinders clinical translation. ...We demonstrated controlled modulation of these scaffold parameters and show initial biocompatibility and functionality in vitro...

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Bozkurt, S., Preston-Maher, G.L., Torii, R. et al. Ann Biomed Eng (2017). doi:10.1007/s10439-017-1828-2 First Online: 03 April 2017

Mitral regurgitation is a common mitral valve dysfunction which may lead to heart failure. This paper presents the design, development and hydrodynamic assessment of a novel bi-leaflet mitral valve suitable for transcatheter implantation. ... animal models. Hydrodynamic Tests. The hydrodynamic performances of the three valve prototypes were assessed on a hydro-mechanical cardiovascular pulse duplicator system (ViVitro Superpump SP3891, ViVitro, BC) (Fig. 3 ...

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Wentao Feng, Xianda Yang, Yang Liu, Yubo Fan Artificial Organs, 24 February 2017

Clinically, the percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) has been reported to be deformed in a noncircular configuration after its implant. The deformation is universal and various, and it leads to serious leakage and durability problems. ...the present study investigated the effects of the aortic annulus deformation and the leaflet tissue thickness on the hydrodynamics of the TAV. ... Hydrodynamic testing. The TAVs were tested in a quasi-physiological artery pulsatile flow duplicator system, which was custom remoulded to adapt the testing of deformed TAV from commercially available pulse duplicator (Pulse Duplicator; Vivitro Labs, Victoria, BC, Canada.). ...

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