Articles Related to Flow Visualization

Munirah Ismail, Foad Kabinejadian, Yen Ngoc Nguyen, Edgar Tay Lik Wui, Sangho Kim, Hwa Liang Leo - - Medical Engineering and Physics October 25, 2017

...The study utilises both 2-D and 3-D particle image velocimetry (PIV) to interrogate the flow patterns in the vicinity of the extra-cardiac tricuspid valves in an in vitro physiological flow loop, specifically at four measurement locations in the cavo-atrial anatomy. ... ... of the hepatic vein. In contrast, the SVC valve was fully implanted in the SVC. The mock circulatory system was driven by a pulse generator (SuperPump AR series, ViVitro Labs Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada). It comprised of an ultrasonic ...

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W Conlin, P Yu, V Durgesh - Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 2017

...The objective of this study is to identify the large-scale structures in the aneurysm, study temporal behavior, and quantify their interaction with the inflow condition. ... ... For this purpose, detailed Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements were performed at the center plane of an idealized aneurysm model for a range of inflow conditions. Inflow conditions were precisely controlled using a ViVitro SuperPump system. ...

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P Yu, V Durgesh, H Johari - Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 2017

...Studies have shown that hemodynamics is integral to developing an understanding of aneurysm formation, growth, and rupture. This investigation focuses on a comprehensive study of the impact of varying inflow conditions and aneurysm shapes on spatial and temporal behavior of flow parameters and structures in an aneurysm.... ... For this purpose, detailed Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements were performed at the center plane of an idealized aneurysm model for a range of inflow conditions. Inflow conditions were precisely controlled using a ViVitro SuperPump system. ...

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M. Alizadeh, M. Cote, and A Branzan Albu P Sharma, FM Bianchi - Image Analysis 20th Scandinavian Conference, SCIA 2017,

...The valve orifi ce area over time, which informs on the opening and closing motion patterns, constitutes a key quality metric for PHV assessment... ...In this paper, we propose a novel orifi ce segmentation approach for automatic prosthetic heart valves quantitative performance analysis, based on the detection of the leaflet free edges to accurately extract the actual orifi ce area.

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Riccardo Toninatoa, Jacob Salmona, Francesca Maria Susin, Andrea Duccia, Gaetano Burriescia doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.05.027

The physiological flow dynamics within the Valsalva sinuses, in terms of global and local parameters, are still not fully understood. This study attempts to identify the physiological conditions as closely as possible, and to give an explanation of the different and sometime contradictory results in literature. ... 2. Material and Methods. In this study, all experiments were carried out using a hydro-mechanical pulse duplicator (Vivitro Superpump System SP3891, ViVitro Labs Inc., Canada), with pressure catheters monitoring the pressure upstream and downstream of the aortic valve. ...

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Jahren, Silje Ekroll; Heinisch, Paul Philipp; Wirz, Jessica; Winkler, Bernhard; Carrel, Thierry; Obrist, Dominik (31 March 2015). Hemodynamic Performance of Edwards Intuity Valve in a Compliant Aortic Root Model (In Press). In: IEEE EMBC 2015. Milano. 25.08.-29.08.2015.

...It was the aim of this study to perform hemodynamic and kinematic measurements for this type of valves to serve as a baseline for following studies which investigate the effect of the aortic root on the valve performance. To this end, the Edwards Intuity aortic valve was investigated in a new in vitro flow loop mimicking the left heart...

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Bernhard Vennemann, David Hasler, Silje E. Jahren, Thomas Rösgen, Thierry P. Carrel, Dominik Obrist - Heart Valve Society 1st Annual Meeting MAY 6-9, MONTE CARLO, MONACO, GRIMALDI FORUM

...so called hot spots, where activated platelets might aggregate and form a thrombus that can ultimately lead to leaflet blockage. It is the aim of this study to assess the hemodynamics in the pivoting area of the Triflo valve.

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Ikechukwu U. Okafor, Arvind Santhanakrishnan, Brandon D. Chaffins, Lucia Mirabella, John N. Oshinski and Ajit P. Yoganathan - Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2015, 17:51 doi:10.1186/s12968-015-0154-9

... A programmable piston pump (PPP; Vivitro Systems Inc., Victoria, Canada) was used to induce the LV wall motion by altering the pressure of the fluid in the space between the interior of acrylic chamber housing the LV model and the exterior of the LV model. ...

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Clara Seaman, Andrew McNally, Stephen Biddle, Lauren Jankowski, Philippe Sucosky Presented in part at the 2013 Biomedical Engineering Society Conference, September 2013, Seattle, WA, and at the 2013 ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, June 2013, Sunriver, OR, USA

The study aim was to develop a laboratory protocol for the fabrication of tissue valve models mimicking mild and moderate calcific stenosis, for future use in flow studies. ... near-physiologic hemodynamics. The flow loop was driven by a programmable piston pump (Vivitro), and included resistance and compliance units to mimic the characteristics of the systemic vascular tree (Fig. 3A). The system ...

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Barannyk O, Oshkai P. - J Biomech Eng. 2015 May; Epub 2015 Mar 5.

...he objective of this investigation is to establish a set of parameters, which are associated with abnormal flow patterns due to the flow through a prosthetic heart valve implanted in the patients that had certain types of valve diseases prior to the valve replacement.... ...By varying the aortic root geometry, while keeping the diameter of the orifice constant, it was possible to investigate corresponding changes in the levels of Reynolds shear stress and establish the possibility of platelet activation and, as a result of that, the formation of blood clots....

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A Falahatpisheh, G Pedrizzetti, A Kheradvar; Experiments in Fluids November 2014, 55:1848

... We used a heart-flow simulator consisting of a hydraulic pump system (Superpump system, VSI, SPS3891, Vivitro systems Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada) that operates based on a VSI Wave Generator VG2001 (Vivitro Systems Incorporated, Victoria, BC, Canada), as previously ...

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W.Lim; Journal of Biomechanics: 34, Issue 11; 1417-1427.

A two-dimensional particle image tracking velocimetry (PIV) system has been used to map the velocity vector fields and Reynolds stresses in the immediate downstream vicinity of a porcine bioprosthetic heart valve at the aortic root region in vitro under pulsatile flow conditions. Measurements were performed at five different time steps...

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Simcha Milo, Edmond Rambodb, Chaim Gutfingerc and Morteza Gharibb; European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery: 24, Issue 3; 364-370.

The goal of the present work was to create the closest possible in vitro fluid dynamic environment in which prosthetic mitral valves in the patients' hearts function, in order to demonstrate whether microbubbles are generated, and if yes, under what conditions and at which stage of the cardiac cycle...

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European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery: 18, Issue 3; 191-200.

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Chander Sadasivana, Baruch B. Lieberc, Matthew J. Gounisc, Demetrius K. Lopese and L. N. Hopkinsb; American Journal of Neuroradiology: 23; 1214-1221.

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M L J Rose, G A Wright, T G Mackay, W Martin and D J Wheatley; Physiological Measurement: 18; 171-182; 1997.

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Edmond Rambod, Masoud Beizaie, Michael Shusser, Simcha Milo and Morteza Gharib; Annals of Biomedical Engineering: 27, Issue 6; 774-792; 1999.

This study was aimed at developing a physical model, supported by experimental observations, to describe the formation and growth of microbubbles seen in patients with mitral mechanical heart valves (MHV). This phenomenon, often referred to as high intensity transient signals (HITS), appears as bright, intense, high-velocity and persistent echoes detected by Doppler ultrasonography at the instant of closure.

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Grigioni, Mauro; Daniele, Carla; Del Gaudio, Costantino; Morbiducci, Umberto; Balducci, Antonio; D’Avenio, Giuseppe; Barbaro, Vincenzo; ASAIO Journal: 51, Issue 3; 176-183; 2005.

A three-dimensional, realistic model of an aortic mechanical heart valve and Valsalva sinuses was developed to predict, by means of a numerical time dependent simulation, the flow field during a fraction of the systolic period. The numeric simulation was performed upon a model of valve similar to a Carbomedics 27 mm placed in a physiologic aortic root shaped model,...

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Kaminsky, Radoslav; Kallweit, Stephan; Weber, Hans J.; Simons, Antoine P.; Verdonck, Pascal; ASAIO Journal: 52, Issue 2; 4A; 2006.

Worldwide are performed approximately 225,000 heart valve operation procedures. Various heart valve types have different efficiency, beside others, mostly given by the quality of the flow in all regions across the valve. For the visualization of the flow we employed Stereo High Speed Particle Image Velocimetry (SHSPIV)...

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Kheradvar, Arash; Kasalko, Jeff; Johnson, Derrick; Gharib, Morteza; ASAIO Journal: 52, Issue 1; 34-38; 2006.

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