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Keyvan Amini Khoiy, Kourosh T. Asgarian, Francis Loth, Rouzbeh Amini - PLOS ONE Published: November 8, 2018

Chordae rupture is one of the main lesions observed in traumatic heart events that might lead to severe tricuspid valve (TV) regurgitation... ...we investigated the changes on TV geometry, mechanics, and function of ex-vivo porcine hearts following chordae rupture... … The schematic of this apparatus is shown in Fig 1. In short, a positive displacement pump (SuperPump AR Series, Vivitro Labs, Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada) was utilized to induce passive beating in porcine hearts …

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Sean Guo-Dong Tan, Sangho Kim Hwa, Liang Leo - European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids Available online 2 November 2018

Studies have suggested that the anterior leaflet of the native mitral valve aid in the formation of an asymmetric vortex ring similar to that seen in healthy left ventricles... ...we seek to investigate if this physiological left ventricular vortex can be replicated solely by the inclusion of an “anterior leaflet-like” feature within a mechanical valve design and its subsequent effects on downstream turbulence.... ...Situated within the working chamber was the left ventricular silicon phantom actuated by a pulsatile pump (ViVitro Labs Inc., Victoria, BC), the resulting ventricular pumping motion circulated a mixture of glycerin and water (40 …

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Brandon J. Tefft, Joshua A. Choe, Melissa D. Young, Ryan S. Hennessy, David W. Morse, Jeffery A. Bouchard, Herbert J. Hedberg, Joseph F. Consiglio, Dan Dragomir-Daescu, Robert D. Simari, Amir Lerman

Tissue engineered heart valves (TEHV) are being investigated to address the limitations of currently available valve prostheses... ...A bioreactor system was designed based on the Windkessel approach. Novel features including a purpose-built valve chamber and pressure feedback control were incorporated to maintain asepsis while achieving a range of hydrodynamic conditions.... … The bioreactor was used to assess the hydrodynamic performance of a bioprosthesis and the results were compared to those obtained with a ViVitro Pulse Duplicator system (ViVitro Labs, Victoria, BC, Canada)... ...The bioreactor system was able to produce a range of pressure and flow conditions from static to resting adult left ventricular outflow tract to pathological including hypertension...

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F Guo, K Jiao, Y Bai, J Guo, Q Chen, R Yang, X Zhang - Journal of Materials Science Available online 20 September 2018

Transcatheter aortic heart valves (TAHVs) have been widely used for aortic valve replacements, with less trauma and lower clinical risk compared with traditional surgical heart valve replacements. In the present study, composites of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogels and anisotropic high-shrinkage polyethylene terephthalate/polyamide6 (PET-PA6) fabric (PEGDA/PET-PA6) were fabricated as artificial heart valve leaflets... … 2.6. Pulse duplicator test. Hemodynamic performance of the TAHVs was assessed using a pulse duplicator system (ViVitro Labs, British Columbia, Canada) under physiological conditions according to ISO 5840-3 standards [21] …

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Yuriy TASINKEVYCH, Marcin LEWANDOWSKI, Ziemowit KLIMONDA, Mateusz WALCZAK - Polish Academy of Sciences ARCHIVES OF ACOUSTICS Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 437–446 (2018)

Commercially available cardiac scanners use 64–128 elements phased-array (PA) probes and classical delay-and-sum beamforming to reconstruct a sector B-mode image... ...The goal of this study was to show the feasibility of reducing the channel count in the diverging wave synthetic aperture image reconstruction method for phased-arrays.... … a water tank with dedicated absorbers at- tenuating the reflected waves (Aptflex F28 and Aptflex F28P, Precision Acoustics, UK), tubing system, wind- kessel (to reduce/eliminate phantom vibrations), Viv- itro Superpump …

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Oren M. RotmanBrandon KovarovicWei-Che ChiuMatteo BianchiGil MaromMarvin J. SlepianDanny Bluestei -Annals of Biomedical Engineering 07 September 2018

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a minimally-invasive approach for treating severe aortic stenosis. All clinically-used TAVR valves to date utilize chemically-fixed xenograft as the leaflet material... ... this study, we experimentally evaluated the hemodynamic performance of the valve and compared its performance to clinically-used valves: a gold standard surgical tissue valve, and a TAVR valve.... … Testing was performed in a Vivitro Pulse Duplicator (Vivitro Labs, Victoria, BC) at average Cardiac Out- puts (CO) of 4, 5, 6, and 7 L/min, Heart Rate (HR) of 70bpm, systole-diastole ratio of 0.35–0.65, aortic pressure of …

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Janarthanan Sathananthan, Stephanie Sellers, Aaron Barlow, Rob Fraser, Viktória Stanová, Anson Cheung, Jian Ye, Abdullah Alenezi, Dale J. Murdoch, Mark Hensey, Danny Dvir, Philipp Blanke, Régis Rieu, David Wood, Phillippe Pibarot, Jonathan Leipsic and John Webb - JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions Volume 11, Issue 17, September 2018

Objectives This study assessed the effect of overexpansion beyond labeled size (diameter) of transcatheter heart valves through an ex vivo bench study... Background Transcatheter heart valves function optimally when expanded to specific dimensions. However, clinicians may sometimes wish to overexpand balloon-expandable valves to address specific clinical challenges. The implications of overexpansion have assumed considerable importance, and objective information to guide practice is limited...

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Charles H. Bloodworth MS IV Eric L. Pierce PhD Keshav Kohli MS Nancy J. Deaton BS Kaitlin J. Jones BS Radhika Duvvuri BS Norihiko Kamioka MD Vasilis - C. Babaliaros MD Ajit P. Yoganathan PhD - Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 09 August 2018

...Leaflet tethering commonly seen in functional mitral regurgitation may be a significant factor affecting the severity of MS after MitraClip implantation... … conditions. A piston pump (Vivitro Labs Inc. Victoria, Canada) drove physiological left heart flow within the simulator, while an electromagnetic flow probe (Carolina Medical Electronics, East Bend, NC) measured cardiac output (CO) …

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Hongliang Li, Jonathan Porée, Marie-Hélène, Roy Cardinal, Guy Cloutier - Ultrasonics Available online 21 July 2018, In Press

Polar strain (radial and circumferential) estimations can suffer from artifacts because the center of a nonsymmetrical carotid atherosclerotic artery, defining the coordinate system in cross-sectional view, can be misregistered... ...Two-affine model-based estimators for vascular ultrasound elastography in cross-sectional view of the artery are evaluated in a common framework of high-frame-rate imaging... ...This paper presents two affine model-based estimators, the affine phase-based estimator (APBE) developed in the framework of transverse oscillation (TO) beamforming, and the Lagrangian speckle model estimator (LSME)...

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João Gomes-Fonseca ; Pedro Morais ; Sandro Queirós ; Fernando Veloso ; António C. M. Pinho ; Jaime C. Fonseca ; Jorge Coreia-Pinto ; João L. Vilaça - 2018 IEEE 6th International Conference on Serious Games and Applications for Health (SeGAH)

This work aims to create a dynamic, ultrasound-compatible, realistic and flexible phantom of the left and right ventricles, with application in the diagnosis, planning, treatment and training in the cardiovascular field for studies using echocardiography. … the real tissues. Then, a commercial available computed-controlled dynamic piston pump (Vivitro Labs, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada) was used to pump water... into the model and consequently deform it. This pump system

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P Yu Electronic Theses & Dissertations (ETDs) (2011-) [3339] 2018

...This study focuses on investigating the hemodynamics inside an aneurysm for different inflow conditions and varying geometrical shapes. ... … precisely controlled. Re and α were varied between 50-250 and 2-5, respectively. A ViVitro Labs pump system was used to pump the fluid and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) was used to perform velocity measurements. The flow …

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R Kotzé, L Deorsola - 2018 Design of Medical Devices Conference, 2018

Mitral subvalvular apparatus plays an important role in mitral and ventricular dynamics by preserving annuloventricular continuity, known to be fundamental for ventricular function... ...We address these issues through the design of a novel semistented and chorded mitral valve that better mimics the native mitral annulus, leaflets and chordae function and can be made from off-the-shelf biomaterials with the potential to be implanted percutaneously... … Pulse duplicator setup We performed hydrodynamic testing in the mitral position on a hydro-mechanical pulse duplicator system (Vivitro Superpump System SP3891, Vivitro, Victoria, BC, Canada), described elsewhere [4]. We used a 25mm Sorin Bicarbon bileaflet …

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Deepa SritharanParinaz FathiJason D. WeaverStephen M. RettaChangfu WuNandini Duraiswamy - Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology pp 1–14

After implantation of a transcatheter bioprosthetic heart valve its original circular circumference may become distorted, which can lead to changes in leaflet coaptation and leaflets that are stretched or sagging.... … Valve hydrodynamic performance data were collected using a commercially available left heart Pulse Duplicator (Vivitro Systems) at 0, 41, 80, and 123 M cycles; at these intervals, the valves mounted in the metallic adapter …

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K Davis, JH Muller, CJ Meyer, FE Smit - (SAIBMEC), 2018 3rd Biennial South African, 2018

...The air volume shifts the pressure and flow rate waveforms in time and impact the physical operating conditions of the valves with constant input settings in the ViVitest software... … Results obtained from current pulse duplicators are subject to the setup and physical testing settings. The ViVitro Pulse Duplicator from ViVitroLabs Inc … Three different valves were tested in a ViVitro pulse duplicator where...

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Wei-Ling ChenChiu-Chin WuChung-Dann Kan - World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2018 pp 519-524

...Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) has evolved as most exciting development surgical strategy with dysfunctional right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduits. ... ...The purpose of this study is to investigate the hemodynamic and functional consequences of the new design using a mock circulation system... … vasculature. Blood pressures and flows are driven by a digitally controlled hydraulic piston pump (ViViTro Labs Inc., Super Pump System, Victor, BC) to produce pulsatile waves with heart rates of 60 and 80 beats/min from ARV to ARA …

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Wei-Ling Chena, Chia-Hung Linb, Jieh-Neng Wangc, Pong-Jeu Lud, Ming-Yao Chand, Jui-Te Wue, Chung-Dann Kanf

...This study proposes an assistive technology to quantify regurgitation using the regurgitation fraction (RF) and heart pump efficiency (HPE). … pulmonary valves. The blood pressure and flow were driven by a digitally controlled hydraulic piston pump (ViViTro Labs Inc., Super Pump System, Victor, BC) to produce pulsatile waves with heart rates of 60 and 80 beats/min. The …

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J Sathananthan, JG Webb - Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 2018

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation can be successful in selected patients with annuli beyond the current recommended limits for available transcatheter heart valves.… Hopefully in future we will have both a broader understanding and a broader range of options. Conflict of interest. Dr. Webb is a consultant to Edwards Lifesciences and ViVitro Labs. Publication cover image. Volume 91, Issue 6. May 1, 2018. Pages 1157-1158

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Jahren SE, Hurni S, Heinisch PP, Winkler B, Obrist D, Carrel T, Weber A - Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery 26 (2018) 248–256

Many surgical and interventional methods are available to restore patency for patients with degenerative severe mitral valve regurgitation... ...Eight porcine mitral valves were tested under pulsatile flow conditions in an in vitro pulsatile flow loop for haemodynamic quantification.... ...All surgical reconstruction techniques were able to sufficiently correct the acute mitral valve regurgitation.... ...The LV chamber was actuated using a computer-controlled piston pump (ViVitro Systems Inc., Victoria, Canada) attached to the LV chamber...

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Silje Ekroll Jahren, Paul Philipp Heinisch, David Haslera, Bernhard Michael Winkler, Stefan Stortecky, Thomas Pilgrim, Martina Correa Londono, Thierry Carrel, Hendrik von Tengg-Kobligk and Dominik Obrist - Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery (2018) 1–8

Bioprosthetic valve thrombosis has been considered uncommon, but recent studies have shown that it is more frequent than previously thought. ...Two compliant aortic root phantoms with different morphologies (symmetrical and patient-specific) were fabricated with silicone. A bioprosthetic aortic valve was inserted in both phantoms.... ...Blood flow in the aortic root and the washout of the sinus portion are significantly affected by aortic root morphology.... ...The flow loop was actuated by a piston pump (ViVitro Systems Inc., Victoria, BC, Canada)...

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Marije E. Kamphuis; Gert Jan Pelgrim; Marcel J. W. Greuter; Riemer H. J. A. Slart; Cornelis H. Slump Proceedings Volume 10577, Medical Imaging 2018: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment; 1057714 (2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2286337 Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2018, Houston, Texas, United States

...Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is a commonly used diagnostic method in coronary artery disease (CAD)... ... In line with proper clinical decision-making, it is essential to assess institutional MPI test validity by confronting MBF assessment to a ground truth. Our research focuses on developing such validation instrument/method for MPI by means of simulating controlled myocardial perfusion in a phantom flow setup.... … All the data presented in this paper were obtained with the open circuit setup to prevent contrast recirculation. The used piston pump (Vivitro Superpump, Vivitro Labs, Victoria, Canada) generates programmable pulsatile flow

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